Link to Food Standards Australia - Food additives list 2019

Food Additives - Numerical list

Additional Information


Do you try to read the nutritional label before giving the food to yourself or your child but sometimes feel that we are just eating a bunch of numbers. What do they mean? Well here is a list. Most of them are not that bad. Print it out and keep it on your fridge so you can always check the label before you eat it. 

Tip:- if you think your child goes crazy every time you feed them. Do some research; it may contain an additive they are sensitive to. 

Food Additives- Numerical List


(Updated September 2002)

Symbols used in this list:

α = alpha; β = beta; δ = delta; γ = gamma. 

Prescribed Name Code


Curcumin or Turmeric (colour) 100

Riboflavin or Riboflavin 5’-phosphate sodium

(colour) 101

Tartrazine (colour) 102

Alkanet or Alkannin (colour) 103

Quinoline yellow (colour) 104

Sunset yellow FCF (colour) 110

Carmines or Carminic acid or Cochineal (colour) 120

Azorubine or Carmoisine (colour) 122

Amaranth (colour) 123

Ponceau 4R (colour) 124

Erythrosine (colour) 127

Allura red AC (colour) 129

Indigotine (colour) 132

Brilliant blue FCF (colour) 133

Chlorophyll (colour) 140

Chlorophyll-copper complex (colour) 141

Green S (colour) 142

Fast green FCF (colour) 143

Caramel I (colour) 150a

Caramel II (colour) 150b

Caramel III (colour) 150c

Caramel IV (colour) 150d

Brilliant black BN or Brilliant black PN (colour) 151

Carbon black or vegetable carbon (colour) 153

Brown HT (colour) 155

Carotene (colour) 160a

Annatto extracts (colour) 160b

Paprika oleoresins (colour) 160c

Lycopene (colour) 160d

_-apo-8. Carotenal (colour) 160e

_-apo-8. Carotenoic acid or methyl ethyl ester

(colour) 160f

Flavoxanthin (colour) 161a

Lutein (colour) 161b

Kryptoxanthin (colour) 161c

Rubixanthin (colour) 161d

Violoxanthin (colour) 161e

Rhodoxanthin (colour) 161f

Beet red (colour) 162

Anthocyanins or Grape skin extract or Blackcurrant

extract (colour) 163

Saffron or Crocetin or Crocin (colour) 164

Calcium carbonate (colour, anti-caking agent) 170

Titanium dioxide (colour) 171

Iron oxide (colour) 172

Aluminium (colour) 173

Silver (colour) 174

Gold (colour) 175

Tannic acid or tannins (colour, emulsifier, stabiliser,

thickener) 181

Sorbic acid (preservative) 200

Sodium sorbate (preservative) 201

Potassium sorbate (preservative) 202

Calcium sorbate (preservative) 203

Benzoic acid (preservative) 210

Sodium benzoate (preservative) 211

Potassium benzoate (preservative) 212

Calcium benzoate (preservative) 213

Propylparaben or Propyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate

(preservative) 216

Methylparaben or Methyl-p-hydroxy-benzoate

(preservative) 218

Sulphur dioxide (preservative) 220

Sodium sulphite (preservative) 221

Sodium bisulphite (preservative) 222

Sodium metabisulphite (preservative) 223

Potassium metabisulphite (preservative) 224

Potassium sulphite (preservative) 225

Potassium bisulphite (preservative) 228

Nisin (preservative) 234

Natamycin or Pimaricin (preservative) 235

Dimethyl dicarbonate (preservative) 242

Potassium nitrite (preservative, colour fixative) 249

Sodium nitrite (preservative, colour fixative) 250

Sodium nitrate (preservative, colour fixative) 251

Potassium nitrate (preservative, colour fixative) 252

Acetic acid, glacial (acidity regulator) 260

Potassium acetate or Potassium diacetate (acidity

regulator) 261

Sodium acetates (acidity regulator) 262

Calcium acetate (acidity regulator) 263

Ammonium acetate (acidity regulator) 264

Lactic acid (acidity regulator) 270

Propionic acid (preservative) 280

Sodium propionate (preservative) 281

Calcium propionate (preservative) 282

Potassium propionate (preservative) 283

Carbon dioxide (propellant) 290

Malic acid (acidity regulator) 296

Fumaric acid (acidity regulator) 297

Ascorbic acid (antioxidant) 300

Sodium ascorbate (antioxidant) 301

Calcium ascorbate (antioxidant) 302

Potassium ascorbate (antioxidant) 303

Ascorbyl palmitate (antioxidant) 304

Tocopherols concentrate, mixed (antioxidant) 306

a-Tocopherol (antioxidant) 307

_-Tocopherol (antioxidant) 308

_-Tocopherol (antioxidant) 309

Propyl gallate (antioxidant) 310

Octyl gallate (antioxidant) 311

Dodecyl gallate (antioxidant) 312

Erythorbic acid (antioxidant) 315

Sodium erythorbate (antioxidant) 316

tert-Butylhydroquinone (antioxidant) 319

Butylated hydroxyanisole (antioxidant) 320

Butylated hydroxytoluene (antioxidant) 321

Lecithin (antioxidant, emulsifier) 322

Sodium lactate (acidity regulator, humectant,

bulking agent) 325

Potassium lactate (acidity regulator, humectant,

bulking agent) 326

Calcium lactate (acidity regulator) 327

Ammonium lactate (acidity regulator) 328

Magnesium lactate (acidity regulator) 329

Citric acid (acidity regulator, antioxidant) 330

Sodium citrates (acidity regulator, emulsifier,

stabiliser) 331

Potassium citrates (acidity regulator, stabiliser) 332

Calcium citrates (acidity regulator, stabiliser) 333

Tartaric acid (acidity regulator, antioxidant) 334

Sodium tartrates (acidity regulator) 335

Potassium tartrate or Potassium acid tartrate

(acidity regulator, stabiliser) 336

Potassium sodium tartrate (acidity regulator,

stabiliser) 337

Phosphoric acid (acidity regulator) 338

Sodium phosphates (acidity regulator, emulsifier,

stabiliser) 339

Potassium phosphates (acidity regulator,

emulsifier, stabiliser) 340

Calcium phosphates (acidity regulator, emulsifier,

stabiliser, anti-caking agent) 341

Ammonium phosphates (acidity regulator) 342

Magnesium phosphates (acidity regulator, anticaking

agent) 343

Ammonium malate (acidity regulator) 349

Sodium malates (acidity regulator, humectant) 350

Potassium malates (acidity regulator) 351

Calcium malates (acidity regulator) 352

Metatartaric acid (acidity regulator) 353

Calcium tartrate (acidity regulator) 354

Adipic acid (acidity regulator) 355

Potassium adipate (acidity regulator) 357

Ammonium adipates (acidity regulator) 359

Succinic acid (acidity regulator) 363

Sodium fumarate (acidity regulator) 365

Potassium fumarate (acidity regulator) 366

Calcium fumarate (acidity regulator) 367

Ammonium fumarate (acidity regulator) 368

Ammonium citrate or triammonium citrate (acidity

regulator) 380

Ferric ammonium citrate (acidity regulator, anticaking

agent) 381

Calcium disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate or

calcium disodium EDTA (preservative, antioxidant) 385

Alginic acid (thickener, stabiliser) 400

Sodium alginate (thickener, stabiliser, gelling 401


Potassium alginate (thickener, stabiliser) 402

Ammonium alginate (thickener, stabiliser) 403

Calcium alginate (thickener, stabiliser, gelling

agent) 404

Propylene glycol alginate (thickener, emulsifier) 405

Agar (thickener, gelling agent, stabiliser) 406

Carrageenan (thickener, gelling agent, stabiliser) 407

Processed eucheuma seaweed (thickener, gelling

agent, stabiliser) 407a

Arabinogalactan or Larch gum (thickener, gelling

agent, stabiliser) 409

Locust bean gum or Carob bean gum (thickener,



Guar gum (thickener, stabiliser) 412

Tragacanth gum (thickener, stabiliser) 413

Acacia or gum Arabic (thickener, stabiliser) 414

Xanthan gum (thickener, stabiliser) 415

Karaya gum (thickener, stabiliser) 416

Gellan gum (thickener, stabiliser, gelling agent) 418

Sorbitol or sorbitol syrup (sweetener, humectant,

emulsifier) 420

Mannitol (sweetener, humectant) 421

Glycerin or glycerol (humectant) 422

Polyethylene (40) stearate (emulsifier) 431

Polysorbate 80 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan

moonoleate (emulsifier) 433

Polysorbate 60 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan

monostearate (emulsifier) 435

Polysorbate 65 or Polyoxyethylene (20) sorbitan

tristearate (emulsifier) 436

Pectins (thickener, stabiliser, gelling agent) 440

Ammonium salts of phosphatidic acid (emulsifier) 442

Sucrose acetate isobutyrate (emulsifier, stabiliser) 444

Glycerol esters of wood rosins (emulsifier,

stabiliser) 445

Potassium pyrophosphate or Sodium acid

pyrophosphate or Sodium pyrophosphate

(emulsifiers, acidity regulators, stabilisers)

450 Potassium tripolyphosphate or Sodium

tripolyphosphate (acidity regulator) 451

Potassium polymetaphosphate or Sodium

metaphosphate, insoluble or Sodium

polyphosphates, glassy (emulsifier, stabiliser) 452

Cellulose microcrystalline and powdered (anti- 460

caking agent)

Methyl cellulose (thickener, stabiliser, emulsifier) 461

Hydroxypropyl cellulose (thickener, stabiliser,

emulsifier) 463 

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (thickener,

stabiliser, emulsifier) 464

Methyl ethyl cellulose (thickener, stabiliser,

emulsifier, foaming agent) 465

Sodium carboxymethylcellulose (thickener,

stabiliser) 466

Aluminium, calcium, sodium, magnesium,

potassium and ammonium salts of fatty acids

(emulsifier, stabiliser, anti-caking agent) 470

Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids (emulsifier,

stabiliser) 471

Acetic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier,

stabiliser) 472a

Lactic and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier,

stabiliser) 472b

Citric and fatty acid esters of glycerol (emulsifier,

stabiliser) 472c

Diacetyltartaric and fatty acid esters of glycerol

(emulsifier) 472e

Mixed tartaric, acetic and fatty acid esters of

glycerol (emulsifier, stabiliser) 472f

Sucrose esters of fatty acids (emulsifier) 473

Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids (emulsifier) 475

Polyglycerol esters of interesterified ricinoleic acid

(emulsifier) 476

Propylene glycol mono- and di-esters or Propylene

glycol esters of fatty acids (emulsifier) 477

Dioctyl sodium sulphosuccinate (emulsifier) 480

Sodium lactylate or sodium oleyl lactylate or

sodium stearoyl lactylate (emulsifier, stabiliser) 481

Calcium lactylate or Calcium oleyl lactylate or

Calcium stearoyl lactylate (emulsifier, stabiliser) 482

Sorbitan monostearate (emulsifier) 491

Sorbitan tristearate (emulsifier) 492

Sodium carbonate or Sodium bicarbonate (acidity

regulator, raising agent, anti-caking agent) 500

Potassium carbonates (acidity regulator, stabiliser) 501

Ammonium bicarbonate or Ammonium hydrogen

carbonate (acidity regulator, raising agent) 503

Magnesium carbonate (acidity regulator, anticaking

agent) 504

Hydrochloric acid (acidity regulator) 507

Potassium chloride (gelling agent) 508

Calcium chloride (firming agent) 509

Ammonium chloride (bulking agent) 510

Magnesium chloride (firming agent) 511

Stannous chloride (antioxidant) 512

Sodium sulphate (acidity regulator) 514

Potassium sulphate (acidity regulator) 515

Calcium sulphate (firming agent) 516

Magnesium sulphate (firming agent) 518

Cupric sulphate (mineral salt) 519

Calcium hydroxide (acidity regulator, firming agent) 526

Calcium oxide (acidity regulator) 529

Magnesium oxide (anti-caking agent) 530

Sodium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent) 535

Potassium ferrocyanide (anti-caking agent) 536

Sodium aluminium phosphate (acidity regulator,

emulsifier) 541

Bone phosphate (anti-caking agent, emulsifier) 542

Silicon dioxide, amorphous (anti-caking agent) 551

Calcium silicate (anti-caking agent) 552

Magnesium silicate or Talc (anti-caking agent) 553

Sodium aluminosilicate (anti-caking agent) 554

Potassium aluminium silicate 555

Calcium aluminium silicate (anti-caking agent) 556

Bentonite (anti-caking agent) 558

Aluminium silicate 559

Potassium silicate (anti-caking agent) 560

Stearic acid or fatty acid (glazing agent, foaming

agent) 570

Glucono _-lactone or Glucono delta-lactone

(acidity regulator, raising agent) 575

Potassium gluconate (sequestrant) 577

Calcium gluconate (acidity regulator, firming agent) 578

Ferrous gluconate (colour retention agent) 579

Magnesium gluconate (acidity regulatory, firming

agent) 580

4-Hexylresorcinol (antioxidant) 586

L-Glutamic acid (flavour enhancer) 620

Monosodium L-glutamate or MSG (flavour

enhancer) 621

Monopotassium L-glutamate (flavour enhancer) 622

Calcium glutamate (flavour enhancer) 623

Monoammonium L-glutamate (flavour enhancer) 624

Magnesium glutamate (flavour enhancer) 625

Disodium 5.-guanylate (flavour enhancer) 627

Disodium 5.-inosinate (flavour enhancer) 631

Disodium 5’-ribonucleotides (flavour enhancer) 635

Maltol (flavour enhancer) 636

Ethyl maltol (flavour enhancer) 637

Glycine (flavour enhancer) 640

L-Leucine (flavour enhancer) 641

Polydimethylsiloxane or Dimethylpolysiloxane (anticaking

agent, emulsifier) 900a

Beeswax, white and yellow (glazing agent) 901

Carnauba wax (glazing agent) 903

Shellac (glazing agent) 904

Petrolatum or petroleum jelly (glazing agent) 905b

Oxidised polyethylene (humectant) 914

L-Cysteine monohydrochloride (raising agent) 920

Nitrogen (propellant) 941

Nitrous oxide (propellant) 942

Butane (propellant) 943a

Isobutane (propellant) 943b

Propane (propellant) 944

Octafluorocyclobutane (propellant) 946

Acesulphame potassium (sweetener) 950

Aspartame (sweetener) 951

Calcium cyclamate or sodium cyclamate or

cyclamate (sweetener) 952

Isomalt (humectant, sweetener, bulking agent, anticaking

agent) 953

Saccharin or calcium saccharin or sodium

saccharine or potassium saccharine (sweetener) 954

Sucralose (sweetener) 955

Alitame (sweetener) 956

Thaumatin (flavour enhancer, sweetener) 957

Neotame (sweetener) 961

Maltitol and maltitol syrup or hydrogenated glucose

syrup (sweetener, stabiliser, emulsifier, humectant) 965

Lactitol (sweetener, humectant) 966

Xylitol (sweetener, humectant, stabiliser) 967

Erythritol (humectant, sweetener) 968

Choline salts (emulsifier) 1001

__amylase (enzyme) 1100

Proteases (papain, bromelain, ficin) (stabiliser, 1101


Glucose oxidase (antioxidant) 1102

Lipases (enzyme) 1104

Lysozyme (enzyme, preservative) 1105

Polydextrose (humectant, bulking agent, stabiliser,

thickener) 1200

Polyvinylpyrrolidone (stabiliser) 1201

Dextrin roasted starch (thickener, stabiliser) 1400

Acid treated starch (thickener, stabiliser) 1401

Alkaline treated starch (thickener, stabiliser) 1402

Bleached starch (thickener, stabiliser) 1403

Oxidised starch (thickener, stabiliser) 1404

Enzyme treated starches (thickener, stabiliser) 1405

Monostarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser) 1410

Distarch phosphate (thickener, stabiliser) 1412

Phosphated distarch phosphate (thickener,

stabiliser) 1413

Acetylated distarch phosphate (thickener,

stabiliser) 1414

Starch acetate esterified with acetic anhydride

(thickener, stabiliser) 1420

Acetylated distarch adipate (thickener, stabiliser) 1422

Hydroxypropyl starch (thickener, stabiliser) 1440

Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (thickener,

stabiliser) 1442

Starch sodium octenylsuccinate (thickener,

Stabiliser) 1450

Triethyl citrate (antifoaming agent) 1505

Triacetin (humectant) 1518

Propylene glycol (humectant) 1520

Polyethylene glycol 8000 (antifoaming agent) 1521